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WHITEPAPER - WiMAX Forum
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EXECUTIVE SUMMARY The growth of WiMAX has been tremendous. Maravedis predicts that there will be an accumulated 55 million WiMAX subscribers by the end of 2012. While the growth deserves to be applauded, there is a significant concern in terms of providing quality indoor coverage to meet user expectations. Indoor coverage has always been a known challenge for wireless technologies and it does not differ with WiMAX, though high spectrum utilization and throughput are the prominent advantages of this technology. As such, WiMAX Operators around the world have an urgent need to optimize indoor coverage as most often users access the network from indoor locations. According to Senza Fili Consulting, 75% of WiMAX Operators estimate that over 80% of their subscribers will connect to the WiMAX network from indoors. A contributing factor towards poor indoor coverage is WiMAX’ high operating frequency range, which makes it difficult for radio waves to penetrate through buildings. Currently, numerous initiatives focus on the backend system (Radio Access Network or Core Network) to optimize the network, however, at the end of the day, indoor coverage remains unsatisfactory. This whitepaper encourages the WiMAX industry to view this issue from a different perspective. We see that WiMAX Modems can play an active role as part of the subsystem to improve indoor coverage, contrary from current perception that modems merely extend connectivity to end users. There are 4 methods that can be employed by WiMAX Modems to enhance indoor coverage: • Improving uplink reception through antenna technology • Use of appropriate antenna type • Optimal modem placement • Boosting indoor coverage with WiFi With these methods in place and simultaneous advancement in base station technology, indoor coverage issue can surely be tackled to provide excellent user ...

Offene-Stellen-Erhebung ab 2009 - Statistik Austria

Executive Summary Die Statistik der offenen Stellen basiert auf einer Stichprobenerhebung, die von Statistik Austria seit Beginn des Jahres 2009 quartalsweise im Auftrag des Bundesministeriums für Arbeit, Soziales und Konsumentenschutz durchgeführt wird. Der Hauptzweck der Statistik ist ein annähernd vollständiges Bild über das Angebot an offenen Stellen bei Unternehmen der ÖNACE 2008 Abschnitte B bis S mit mindestens einem unselbständigen Beschäftigten zu erhalten. Bis zu dieser Erhebung waren in Österreich nur Informationen über die beim Arbeitsmarktservice (AMS) gemeldeten offenen Stellen verfügbar. Neben der nationalen Relevanz wird die Offene-StellenQuote auch als einer der wichtigsten europäischen ökonomischen Indikatoren (Principal European Economic Indicators) genannt. Bereits 2004/05 wurde eine Piloterhebung zur Erfassung der offenen Stellen von Statistik Austria durchgeführt. Für die Erhebung des Jahres 2009 wurde der damalige Fragebogen adaptiert. Seit 2010 ist die Lieferung der offenen Stellen sowie der besetzten Stellen für die Länder der Europäischen Union nach ÖNACE 2008 Abschnitten verpflichtend. Die Grundgesamtheit umfasst ca. 249.000 Unternehmen. Die der Erhebung zugrundeliegende Stichprobe von ca. 6.000 Unternehmen ist nach ÖNACE 2008 Abschnitten und entsprechenden Größenklassen geschichtet, wobei aus Repräsentanzgründen größere Unternehmen kontinuierlich in der Stichprobe verbleiben, Unternehmen mit wenigen Beschäftigten werden vier Mal hintereinander befragt. Die Erhebung über offene Stellen wird größtenteils telefonisch durchgeführt und ist seit dem 1. Quartal 2009 eine laufende Erhebung, die bei den ausgewählten Unternehmen auf freiwilliger Basis durchgeführt wird. Als Auswahlrahmen dient das Unternehmensregister von Statistik Austria. Für die Erhebung sind zwei Merkmale von hauptsächlichem Interesse: Die Anzahl der offenen Stellen, die direkt primärstatistisch bei den Unternehmen erhoben wird, und die Anzahl der besetzten Stellen, die sekundärstatistisch aus den Daten des Hauptverbands der österreichischen Sozialversicherungsträger übernommen wird. Aggregate bezüglich dieser beiden Merkmale müssen seit dem 1. Quartal 2010 nach Wirtschaftszweigen untergliedert an Eurostat geliefert werden. Daneben werden für nationale Erfordernisse zu jeder offenen Stelle Strukturmerkmale (Beruf, Mindestqualifikation, Lehrstelle, Ausmaß der Arbeitszeit, Dauer der Suche, Saisonarbeitsstelle, voraussichtliches Bruttoeinkommen) erhoben, die eine detailliertere Analyse des Datenmaterials erlauben. Zusätzlich zu Quartalsdaten werden auch Jahresdurchschnittswerte errechnet und publiziert, wodurch ein vollständiges Bild über die unterjährige Nachfrage am österreichischen Arbeitsmarkt gewonnen werden kann. Die Ergebnisse werden auf der Webseite von Statistik Austria sowie ab 2010 auch in den Quartalspublikationen zum Arbeitsmarkt publiziert. Wie ein Vergleich mit den Zahlen des Arbeitsmarktservice zeigt, liegt die Anzahl der offenen Stellen deutlich höher als jene, die dem AMS gemeldet werden, was verdeutlicht, dass durch die ...

Summary of 2009 Monovalent H1N1 Influenza Vaccine Data ...

Please Note: These summaries are now being updated and posted monthly. CDC and FDA provide weekly updates on our vaccine safety monitoring activities in an effort to put the data that are publicly available through the Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System (VAERS; http://vaers.hhs.gov) and CDC’s website, WONDER (http://wonder.cdc.gov/vaers.html) in context. The following information summarizes adverse event reports to VAERS after the administration of 2009 H1N1 monovalent influenza vaccine (either nasal spray or shot). An adverse event is a health problem that is reported after someone gets a vaccine or medicine. Note that persons may experience adverse events shortly after vaccination which may or may not be caused by the vaccine. While VAERS is an important system for helping to find potential signs, VAERS is primarily used to detect signals that may require further investigation, but is not able to determine if an adverse event was caused by vaccination. VAERS Summary: • As of February 26, 2010, nearly 127 million doses of 2009 H1N1 vaccine had been shipped to vaccination providers in the United States, although the precise number of vaccines administered is unknown. • As of February 26, 2010, VAERS had received 10,172 adverse event reports following 2009 monovalent H1N1 vaccination. • The vast majority (93%) of adverse events reported to VAERS after receiving the 2009 monovalent H1N1 vaccine are classified as “non-serious” (e.g., soreness at the vaccine injection site). • Of the 10,172 reports, 636 (6%) were reports that were classified as “serious” health events (defined as life threatening or resulting in death, major disability, abnormal conditions at birth, hospitalization, or extension of an existing ...

MLN Matters Article #SE0920 - Centers for Medicare & Medicaid ...

Note: This article was updated on January 25, 2013, to reflect current Web addresses. All other information remains unchanged. Medicare Fee-for-Services (MFFS) Billing for the Administration of the Influenza A (H1N1) Virus Vaccine Provider Types Affected Physicians, providers, and suppliers administering the H1N1 vaccine to Medicare patients are affected by this article. Provider Action Needed This article explains Medicare coverage and reimbursement rules for the H1N1 vaccine. All providers administering this vaccine should review this article and be sure that their billing staffs are aware of this information. Background Medicare Part B provides coverage for the seasonal influenza virus vaccine and its administration as part of its preventive immunization services. The Part B deductible and coinsurance do not apply for the seasonal influenza virus vaccine and its administration. Typically, the seasonal influenza vaccine is administered once a year in the fall or winter. Additional influenza vaccines (i.e., the number of Disclaimer This article was prepared as a service to the public and is not intended to grant rights or impose obligations. This article may contain references or links to statutes, regulations, or other policy materials. The information provided is only intended to be a general summary. It is not intended to take the place of either the written law or regulations. We encourage readers to review the specific statutes, regulations and other interpretive materials for a full and accurate statement of their contents. CPT only copyright 2008 American Medical Association.

Europe's Energy Security: Options and Challenges to Natural Gas ...

Summary Europe as a major energy consumer faces a number of challenges when addressing future energy needs. Among these challenges are rapidly rising global demand and competition for energy resources from emerging economies such as China and India, persistent instability in energy producing regions such as the Middle East, a fragmented internal European energy market, and a growing need to shift fuels in order to address climate change policy. As a result, energy supply security has become a key concern for European nations and the European Union (EU). A key element of the EU’s energy supply strategy has been to shift to a greater use of natural gas. Europe as a whole is a major importer of natural gas. Although second to Norway as a supplier to Europe, Russia remains one of Europe’s most important natural gas suppliers. Europe’s natural gas consumption is projected to grow while its own domestic natural gas production continues to decline. If trends continue as projected, Europe’s dependence on Russia as a supplier is likely to grow. And, while it could be in Europe’s interest to explore alternative sources for its natural gas needs, it is uncertain whether Europe as a whole can, or is willing to, replace a significant level of imports from Russia. Some European countries that feel vulnerable to potential Russian energy supply manipulation may work harder to achieve diversification than others. Russia has not been idle when it comes to protecting its share of the European natural gas market. Moscow, including the state-controlled company Gazprom, has attempted to stymie Europeanbacked alternatives to pipelines it controls by proposing competing pipeline projects and attempting to co-opt European companies by offering them stakes in those and other projects. It has attempted to dissuade potential suppliers (especially those in Central Asia) from participating in European-supported plans. Moscow has also raised environmental concerns in an apparent effort to hinder other alternatives to its supplies, such as unconventional natural gas. Successive U.S. administrations and Congresses have viewed European energy security as a U.S. national interest. Promoting diversification of Europe’s natural gas supplies, ...

Contingency Staffing Plan - U.S. Department of Health and Human ...

As shown on the attachment, HHS’ contingency plans for agency operations in the absence of appropriations would lead to furloughing 40,512 staff and retaining 37,686 staff as of day two of a near-term funding hiatus. Put another way, 52% of HHS employees would be on furlough, and 48% would be retained. These percentages vary among HHS’ agencies and offices, with grant-making and employee-intensive agencies (e.g., the Administration for Children and Families (ACF), the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMSHA), the Administration for Community Living (ACL), and the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ)) having the vast majority of their staff on furlough, and agencies with a substantial direct service component (e.g., the Indian Health Service (IHS)) having most of their staff retained. Summary of Activities to Remain Open and to be Closed Consistent with legal advice that activities authorized by law, including those that do not rely on annual appropriations, and activities that involve the safety of human life and protection of property are to be continued, some of the HHS activities that would continue include: • Indian Health Service (IHS) – IHS would continue to provide direct clinical health care services as well as referrals for contracted services that cannot be provided through IHS clinics. • Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA) – HRSA would continue activities funded through sources other than annual appropriations including the Community Health Centers, National Health Service Corps, Maternal Infant, and Child Health Home Visiting program. Additionally, HRSA would continue the National Practitioner Databanks and Hansen’s Disease Program. • Administration for Children and Families (ACF) – ACF would continue mandatory funded programs including the Federal Parent Locator Service, Personal Responsibility Education, and Health Profession Opportunity Grants. Child support and foster care services will also continue because they receive advanced appropriations in the FY 2013 appropriation process. All permissible activities for the Unaccompanied Alien Children program under an exception of preserving human life will continue. • Administration for Community Living (ACL) – ACL would continue to support the Aging and Disability Resource Centers and Health Care Fraud and Abuse Control through mandatory appropriations.

Windows Easy Transfer (WET) comparison summary PCmover ...

The easiest way to move to Windows 7. ®. Visit us at laplink.com. Windows Easy Transfer (WET) comparison summary. In comparison to PCmover Professional, ...

Proposed Amendment to the Human Factors Design Standard - FAA

SUMMARY The Federal Aviation Administration Human Factors Group received a comment pertaining to handrail height and tread depth. The comment suggested that the Human Factors Design Standard design criteria be updated so as to be consistent with the current building codes and international standards, reflecting more recent research on stair safety. The commenter stated that the current minimum tread depth in the HFDS of 24 cm (9.5”) is not safe and that building codes currently require a handrail height of 34-38”, not the 30- 34” currently cited in the HFDS. In response to the comment, we reviewed multiple sources of information on stair design including OSHA, ADAAG, ANSI, and international building codes. Upon reviewing the sources cited by the commenter and current established codes, we agree with the commenter that the section is outdated and should be amended. SPECIFIC PURPOSE AND ACTUAL BASIS OF AMENDMENT Exhibit 10.4.8.3.1 (B) and (G) should be amended to bring the requirements for handrail height and stair tread depth in accordance with other federal and international standards. The amendment is necessary to facilitate the safety of people at FAA facilities, protecting them from potential workplace hazards. Previous HFDS Exhibit 10.4.8.3.1 Exhibit 10.4.8.3.1 Design requirements for stair dimensions. [Source: UCRL15673, 1985; MIL-STD-1472D, 1989; MIL-HDBK-759B, 1992; MIL-STD1800A, 1990]

A Science-Based Framework for Early Childhood Policy

Executive Summary It is widely recognized that the path to our nation’s future prosperity and security begins with the well-being of all our children. To this end, one of the most important tasks facing policymakers is to choose wisely among strategies that address the needs of our youngest children and their families. Until now, confusing messages about which strategies actually can improve children’s life chances have presented enormous challenges to this decisionmaking process. As scientists, we believe that advances in the science of early childhood and early brain development, combined with the findings of four decades of rigorous program evaluation research, can now provide a strong foundation upon which policymakers and civic leaders with diverse political values can design a common, effective, and politically viable agenda. With this goal in mind, we describe in this report the process by which brain architecture is formed in very young children, with special attention to the important influence of early experiences on the production of a weak or sturdy foundation for future development, and integrate this scientific knowledge with the identification of those factors from the program evaluation literature that appear to offer the best course toward positive outcomes for children. We believe that this combination of neuroscience, child development research, and program evaluation data can provide an informed and pragmatic framework for those engaged in policy design and implementation. This paper builds on a process of systematic analysis that began with the publication in 2000 of a landmark report by the National Academy of Sciences entitled From Neurons to Neighborhoods: The Science of Early Childhood Development, followed by the ongoing work of the National Scientific Council on the Developing Child and the National Forum on Early Childhood Program Evaluation, both of which are based at the Center on the Developing Child at Harvard University. These groups of scientists and scholars engage in active debate about what the rapidly advancing biological and social sciences do and do not say about early childhood, … www.developingchild.harvard.edu

PATENT ASSERTION AND U.S. INNOVATION - The White House

Executive Summary Some firms that own patents but do not make products with them play an important role in U.S. innovation ecosystem, for example by connecting manufacturers with inventors, thereby allowing inventors to focus on what they do best. However, Patent Assertion Entities (PAEs, also known as “patent trolls”) do not play such roles. Instead they focus on aggressive litigation, using such tactics as: threatening to sue thousands of companies at once, without specific evidence of infringement against any of them; creating shell companies that make it difficult for defendants to know who is suing them; and asserting that their patents cover inventions not imagined at the time they were granted. Suits brought by PAEs have tripled in just the last two years, rising from 29 percent of all infringement suits to 62 percent of all infringement suits. Estimates suggest that PAEs may have threatened over 100,000 companies with patent infringement last year alone. While aggressive litigation tactics are a hallmark of PAEs, some practicing firms are beginning to use them as well. (“Practicing” firms use their patents to design or manufacture products or processes.) PAE activities hurt firms of all sizes. Although many significant settlements are from large companies, the majority of PAE suits target small and inventor-driven companies. In addition, PAEs are increasingly targeting end users of products, including many small businesses. PAEs take advantage of uncertainty about the scope or validity of patent claims, especially in softwarerelated patents because of the relative novelty of the technology and because it has been difficult to separate the “function” of the software (e.g. to produce a medical image) from the “means” by which that function is accomplished. A range of studies have documented the cost of PAE activity to innovation and economic growth. For example: One study found that during the years they were being sued for patent infringement by a PAE, health information technology companies ceased all innovation in that technology, causing sales to fall by one-third compared to the same firm’s sales of similar products not subject to the PAEowned patent. Another study found that the ...

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